The origin of the Etruscans

Beekes, R.S.P.

2003 | 60 pages | ISBN 90-6984-369-2 | free

The origin of the Etruscans has always been a mystery. Though Herodotus relates that the Etruscans came from Lydia, there was nothing to confirm this until now. The author of this book found both linguistic and historical evidence that the Lydians occupied the whole area up to the coast of the Sea of Marmara in earlier times. We know that there lived Tyrsênoi in the far northwest of Asia Minor and that this was the name the Greek used for the Etruscans. If this was the homeland of the Etruscans, they lived in 'Lydia'. The author also argues that the Pelasgians around Troy were 'Etruscans'; one of them has an Etruscan name in Homer. This reconstruction is also important for the story of Aeneas, the Trojan hero who fled to Italy and became the (indirect) founder of Rome. It was already assumed that this story was based on the arrival of the Etruscans, but now we find that the Etruscans indeed lived around Troy.